Mild Plaque Psoriasis:
Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
People suffering from mild plaque psoriasis present recognizable
thick, red patches, or “plaques” covering the skin that appear flaky and
silvery-white due to an accumulation of dead skin cells. Plaque
psoriasis commonly affects the knees, elbows, lower back, scalp and
chest but can emerge anywhere on the body.
When an individual with plaque psoriasis scrapes the sores, they damage the leading level of dead skin cells off without much initiative. Ranges existing here the surface area of the sore adhere to each various other, adding to the thickness and also extent of light plaque psoriasis sores.
Following the appearance of red bumps, psoriasis symptoms develop quickly, resulting in:
- Itchy, burning skin that cracks and bleeds. Scratching the lesions removes the top layer of capillaries, which causes bleeding.
can be light pink or dark red, depending on severity of inflammation
and degree that the person affected scratches the lesions.
- Psoriasis patches are generally circular, with some irregularity featured if patches are conjoined.
most psoriasis lesions present the silvery scaliness that makes this
disease so recognizable, some forms, such as genital psoriasis, may not.
- A mild case of psoriasis is diagnosed when less
than three percent of the body is covered with plaques. A dermatologist
can determine whether a patient has mild, moderate or severe psoriasis.
Causes of Mild Plaque Psoriasis Outbreaks
- Dry and/or cold climate conditions
- Too much sun or not enough
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Experiencing stress, anxiety, depression or other mental issues
- Suffering from an autoimmune disorder that further weakens the immune system such as cancer, AIDS, Crohn's disease or Lupus
is not a curable disease so once a person experiences a psoriasis
flare-up, they will probably experience another one at some point in
their life, depending on what type of stressor instigates an outbreak.
Treatments for Mild Plaque Psoriasis
- Calcipotriol and calcipotriene are synthetic derivatives of
vitamin D that effectively treats plaque psoriasis. By inhibiting immune
response to the psoriasis trigger and reducing excessive production of
skin cells, these two drugs decrease scaling, swelling redness and
density of plaques.
- Although vitamin D
derivatives successfully control psoriasis, a side effect of altering
calcium metabolism sometimes results in patients experiencing
dermatitis. Patients should also be aware that taking supplements
containing ordinary vitamin D does not help eliminate psoriasis.
- Dermatologists may recommend vitamin A derivatives for patients they think lack sufficient amounts of this vitamin.
vitamin A medications such as etretinate and isotretinoin are commonly
used to provide relief from debilitating symptoms of plaque psoriasis,
especially when used in combination with psoralen-ultraviolet A (PUVA)
and ultraviolet B light therapy. Long-term use of synthetic vitamin A is
not suggested due to its ability to produce side effects such as
conjunctivitis, bad headaches, bone abnormalities and arthritis.
addition to treating plaque psoriasis with topical corticosteroids,
ointments containing salicylic acid, coal tar and dithranol, doctors
have also prescribed fatty acid supplements for psoriasis sufferers.
into levels of anti-inflammatory alpha-linolenic acid in the fat
tissues and blood of psoriasis patients indicate that these levels are
significantly reduced, while arachidonic acid amounts are elevated.
Arachidonic acid is a known inflammatory agent and may have something to
do with psoriasis flare-ups.
Some patients (up to 15 percent) with
mild plaque psoriasis, (more informations about the causes. )
may develop psoriatic arthritis, especially if the psoriasis affects the
nails or scalp. Psoriatic arthritis predominantly involves one side of
the body but can affect both sides. Resembling rheumatoid arthritis
symptoms, psoriatic arthritis symptoms include swollen, painful,
feverish joints, in addition to the appearance and symptoms of psoriasis
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National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases